Abstract benzodiazepines have been around for nearly 60 years and are still widely used shortly after their introduction, their potential for abuse and dependence began to be recognized. The misuse of benzodiazepines can eventually deteriorate one’s functioning in areas as the mental, physical, emotional, behavioral, social, occupational, financial, familial, spiritual and legal realms of life. Messenger use and misuse of benzodiazepines in the elderly use and misuse of benzodiazepines in the elderly dina baras february 26, 2018 messenger , optimized prescribing with seniors leave a comment. The south region had the highest rate of prescribing opioid pain relievers and benzodiazepines use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the us department of health and human services.
Benzodiazepines, or “benzos,” are a class of pharmaceutical drugs prescribed for a spectrum of mental disorders and ailments they are used to treat moderate to severe anxiety, panic attacks, epileptic seizures and even withdrawal symptoms from other central nervous system depressants like alcohol. Benzodiazepine abuse is a growing problem and carries serious risks to health and society benzodiazepines are commonly used by polydrug abusers, alcoholics and sometimes as primary recreational drugs. Benzodiazepines (also called “benzos”) are a class of agents that work in the central nervous system and are used for a variety of medical conditions.
The dangers of benzodiazepine abuse increase dramatically when mixed with other central nervous system (cns) depressants, such as alcohol and opioids 6 because the combination can cause severe respiratory depression. The benzodiazepines are a class of chemically related central nervous depressants used as sedative-hypnotics to treat sleep disorders, anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and seizure disorders the drug class in low doses can cause sedation, drowsiness, blurred vision, fatigue, mental depression, and loss of coördination. Benzodiazepine abuse overview benzodiazepines are a type of medication known as tranquilizersfamiliar names include valium and xanaxthey are some of the most commonly prescribed medications in. People start abusing benzodiazepines (also called “benzos”) usually in one of two different ways they may start taking them as prescribed, then progress to taking more than ordered or they may start out by getting them illicitly and then become addicted to them.
Benzodiazepine abuse is part of the large problem of the prescription drug abuse epidemic in america recognizing benzodiazepine abuse can be difficult as discussed above, there are a host of side effects, ranging in severity, associated with benzodiazepine use. A paper in the perspectives section of the new england journal of medicine (feb 22 issue, 2018) discussed the problem of benzodiazepine abuse, examining both the inappropriate prescribing of these dea-scheduled drugs and the lack of effort to address it the authors believe that efforts to reduce overprescribing of opioids and to educate the prescribers and public about their. Benzodiazepines (sometimes called benzos) work to calm or sedate a person, by raising the level of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gaba in the brain common benzodiazepines include diazepam (valium), alprazolam (xanax), and clonazepam (klonopin), among others. A coma is a possible result of a benzodiazepine overdose many drug users, particularly heroin or cocaine users, abuse benzodiazepines along with other drugs, which means that benzos can be involved in deaths resulting from the combination of drugs.
Almost all benzodiazepine admissions (95 percent) reported abuse of another substance in addition to abuse of benzodiazepines, 821 percent reported primary abuse of another substance with secondary abuse of benzodiazepines and 129 percent reported primary abuse of benzodiazepines with secondary abuse of another substance[5. Misuse of benzodiazepines may also arise from injudicious patterns of prescribing for the treatment of alcohol dependence, or from attempts at self-treatment for alcohol dependence some drug misusers will also develop a dependent pattern of use of benzodiazepines in their own right. Benzodiazepines are a class of drugs commonly prescribed to treat anxiety, insomnia, epilepsy, and alcohol dependence however, benzodiazepines have considerable risks and can be fatal if abused.
Drug enforcement administration office of diversion control drug & chemical evaluation section benzodiazepines (street names: benzos, downers, nerve pills, tranks) january 2013 dea/od/ode abuse of benzodiazepines is often associated with multiple-substance abuse. The sedative effects of benzodiazepines lead many people to abuse them, which can result in overdose, physical dependence and addiction a comprehensive treatment program addresses all aspects of benzodiazepine addiction to help individuals fully recover. Do not prescribe benzodiazepines in someone with a history of drug misuse and dependence prescribe the lowest possible doses of benzodiazepines and only prescribe for 2-4 weeks it is important to remember that patients can get withdrawal symptoms between doses if they are given short-acting benzodiazepines.
All benzodiazepine drugs have the potential for abuse, some more so than others when determining a benzodiazepine’s strength, there are two things to consider: the drug’s potency and its half-life a half-life measures how long a drug takes to break down and exit the body. The teds report: admissions reporting benzodiazepine and narcotic pain reliever abuse at treatment entry rockville, md rockville, md the treatment episode data set (teds) is an administrative data system providing descriptive information about the national flow of admissions aged 12 or older to providers of substance abuse treatment. Individuals who misuse benzodiazepines are often under the impression that using prescription medications with other drugs is a safer practice than using illicit drugs in combination with alcohol or other drugs. Otc & prescription drugs benzodiazepines benzodiazepines first appeared in the mid-1960s1 drug companies promoted them as safer and as less habit-forming than barbiturates like phenobarbital and seconal, which are also prescribed to treat anxiety, seizure disorders, and insomnia.